Article I, Section 7
1. What provision is mandated on revenue bills?
2. What three options can the President exercise on a bill sent by Congress?
3. Define veto. What recourse does Congress have if the President vetoes a bill?
4. What happens to a bill held for ten days with no action while Congress is in session?
5. Define pocket veto.
6. Explain the presentment clause (#3). How has this been a separation of powers issue?
7. Define joint resolution—how is this similar to a bill and a law?
Article I, Section 8
1. Define the delegated, enumerated, or expressed powers.
2. What is the relationship between the structural weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation and the powers expressed in Article I, Sec. 8?
3. How many powers deal with an area of economics? How many with national security? List three powers dealing with each policy area.
4. Clause 3 gives Congress the power to regulate commerce with which three entities?
5. Clause 17 speaks to Congressional authority over what?
6. Why is Article I, Section 8, Clause 18 – the necessary and proper clause – referred to as the “elastic clause”?
7. Why would the “necessary and proper” clause be linked to the political debate over the Constitution and implied power?
Article I, Section 9 (powers denied Congress)
1. Who are “such persons”? What provision was made for the slave trade?
2. What is the writ of habeas corpus? When may it be suspended?
3. How does the decision in Boumediene v. Bush (2008) relate to the suspension of habeas corpus?
3. Define bill of attainder.
4. Define ex post facto.
5. Briefly explain each of the following powers denied Congress:
No capitation or direct tax
– How does the 16
Amendment change this?
No tax on exports from any state
No preference regulating trade
6. Define appropriations. What are the Congressional budgetary powers in clause 7?
7. Why is there a prohibition on titles of nobility by the US and acceptance of the same from any foreign country?
Article I, Section 10 (powers denied the states)
1. Clause 1 denies several powers that were once permissible under the Articles. List them.
2. What are the restrictions on import and export taxes?
3. How is Congressional power to control acts of war and treaties with foreign countries solidified in Clause 3?
ARTICLE II – Executive Branch
Article II, Section 1
1. What is the term of office for president and vice president? Link this to the 22nd Amendment. What argument can be made that would have kept President Bush from becoming the running mate of John McCain in 2008?
2. What is the number of electors from each state? Who may not be an elector?
3. Can the president and vice president come from the same state?
4. What provision was made in the 12th Amendment?
5. What does the Constitution say about the dates for the presidential election and the electoral vote? What are the dates?
6. What are the Constitutional qualifications to be president?
7. What did the Constitution originally provide if the president could not perform his duties? What if the vice president could not perform those presidential duties? What provision is made by the 25th Amendment?
8. What restrictions are placed on the presidential salary?
9. Who administers the oath of office?